|Mannino Crime Family|
Founding Don, Lorenzo Mannino
Twin Cities Metro Area
Italian, Italian American, Sicilian, Sicilian American
65 Made Members, 240 Associates
Racketeering, Extortion, Illegal Gambling, Prostitution, Union Corruption, Hijacking, Money Laundering, Murder, Forgery, Smuggling
Frogtown Mob, Shadow Dragon Triads, Markovic Syndicate, Various gangs in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area and their allies
Early History and ProhibitionEdit
The Mannino family was formed in the early 1920's when several Italian street gangs in Minneapolis joined together under Lorenzo Mannino. They started up bootlegging and illegal gambling operations around the city and extortion, protection and loansharking operations in Little Italy. In order to gain more influence, the ruling panel of the family composed of boss Lorenzo Mannino, consigliere Henry Pannagila and underboss Alberto Castrogiovanni allied with Al Capone's Chicago Outfit in the late 20's. For the remainder of the 20's and into the early 30's the family used it's bootlegging profits to expand into other cities in Minnesota and increase it's relations with other Mafia families. By the time Prohibition was repealed in 1933, Lorenzo Mannino was the boss of organized crime in Minnesota and his authority wasn't questioned.
Post-Prohibition and the World War TwoEdit
The family took to new ways of making money in the 30's and along with the traditional Mafia rackets, expand into union corruption and construction rackets. Illegal gambling and prostitution rackets also increased in profitability in the 30's and into early 1940's. World War Two allowed the family to cash in on the sale of rationed items such as gasoline, sheet metal and especially weapons. Also after the war, the influx of Italian men returning from the war gave the family a wave of new members. The family, along with most other Mafia families in the United States during the 1950's, grew rapidly and was at it's height of power in the mid 50's.
Rise of PannagilaEdit
Lorenzo Mannino was convicted on racketeering and gambling charges after being arrested at the Appalachian Meeting in 1957. Mannino was sent to prison in early 1958 and consigliere Henry Pannagila used the opportunity to take over as boss of the family. He promoted Aberto Castrogiovanni as consigliere in 1959 and Peter "Skinny Pete" Ginola became underboss the same year. Although Mannino was still officially boss until 1962, Pannagila took over as acting boss immediately after Mannino was sent to prison. In 1962, Mannino officially handed control of the family over to Pannagila shortly before dying of natural causes later that year. Pannagila called for a complete restructuring of the family from the traditional Sicilian ways of Mannino's rule and sought to modernize and expand the family's power. In 1964 Mannino family associate Mortimer "Morty Slots" Goldstien and several made members of the family opened the first casino in Las Vegas owned by the family called the Catalonian Palace and Casino. With the profits from the casino, the family opened two more in 1965 and 1967. Through money laundering operations via Kansas City, the family was able to more than double it's profits every year from 1965 until 1974. Pannagila established himself as one of the most powerful bosses on the Commission and had earned a name for the Minneapolis family. In 1972, Pannagila made the mistake of allowing Gambino family associate Fredrico Ancelotti oversee money laundering operations in one of the Mannino family owned casinos. Pannagila agreed to this deal because Gambino boss Carlo Gambino had allegedly promised him territory in Atlantic City. Pannagila agreed despite protest from Castrogiovanni and Ginola. In 1974 after it was discovered that the Gambino family had tricked the Mannino family and Ancelotti was secretly skimming profits from not only the one casino he was in charge of, but all three ran by the Mannino family. Pannagila called for immediate retaliation against the Gambino family, a decision that would later lead to his downfall.
War With New YorkEdit
Pannagila ordered the murder of Ancelotti in 1974 and he was found dead in his home just north of Las Vegas on August 19th. When the news reached acting Gambino boss Paul "Big Paul" Castellano he ordered a retaliatory hit against the Mannino family. On the night of August 30th, 1974 Gambino family associates shot up several Mannino ran businesses in the Las Vegas area leaving two dead including Robert "Bobby" Macchione, a made man in the Mannino family, and injuring several others. Alberto Castrogiovanni tried to convince Pannagila to make peace with the Gambino family but he wouldn't allow it. Because the Gambino family had killed a made man without permission from the boss of the Mannino family, the Commission allowed for the Mannino family to strike back at the Gambinos. On September 8th, several Gambino associates were found dead in the back alley of a Las Vegas restaurant as retaliation for the killing for a made man in the Mannino family. Pretty soon the war between the Mannino family and Gambino family began to interfere with the business of other families and the Commission called for a resolution to the conflict before it got out of hand. Pannagila and Castellano reluctantly agreed to stop attacking each others families and peace was officially restored in late September although relations between the two families have been strained ever since. By the time peace had been declared, the FBI had gathered enough evidence to put away Pannagila and most of the members of the Las Vegas faction of the Mannino family away for life on RICO related charges. In early 1975 Pannagila along with several other members and associates of the family were convicted on RICO related charges and the family's gaming licenses were suspended. His trial and conviction caused for him, Castrogiovanni and Ginola to be forced to step down from their positions in the family. Dominic "Donnie B" Bonetti took over as boss in 1975 appointing long time capos Carmine Neri as consigliere and Bruno Zerilli as underboss the same year.
Bonetti wanted to usher in a new era for the Mannino family by getting rid of all remaining operations in Las Vegas and distancing the family from other families. The drug trade was an inevitable part of the 70's and despite Bonetti banning anyone in the family being involved with them, some members couldn't resist the money and secretly dealt them behiend his back. Unlike in larger cities like New York and Chicago, it was much harder to keep drug operations secret in Minneapolis due to the lack of suppliers and dealers. Members who got involved in drugs had to import, smuggle, make them usable and sell the drugs themselves. In November of 1978, the FBI arrested two soldiers and three associates for the family on drug related charges. Johnny Polizzi and Tomassino Gervasi, reportedly flipped and made a deal with the feds to testify and be placed in the witness protection program. Bonetti got word of this quickly and two weeks later they were found dead in a car, shot execution style, on the side of a highway near the Canadian boarder. Fearing more members might flip if they are caught by the feds dealing drugs, Bonetti became increasingly paranoid throughout the late 70's and early 80's. Several members and associates were killed due to their suspected involvement in drugs. By 1983, he had become very unpopular within the family and members began plotting to remove him from power. His consigliere, Carmine Neri was also on the hit list of many members of the family for behaving in the same way as Bonetti. Along with that, they began demanding a higher cut of the profits than traditionally allowed by the family and started having anyone who refused to pay beat up or killed. The last straw came in 1984 when it was discovered that both Bonetti and Neri had been secretly muscling in on drug rackets and taking profits for themselves behiend everyone's backs. Underboss Bruno Zerilli orchestrated their assassinations and on July 9th, 1984 they were both gunned down in public on the stairs of the Minneapolis Opera House by unknown gunmen carrying Uzi sub-machine guns. Four unidentified gunmen in black suits and sunglasses pulled up in a black four door car that night after the opera was being let out. They rolled down the windows and two began shooting from the right side windows and the other two from across the roof on the left side windows. They were each shot more than 20 times as the crowd rushed away in panic and as they fell down the steps dead, the gunmen drove away. The assassination marked the end of the Bonetti era and Zerilli took over as boss soon after.
The late 80's and early 90's proved to be the most difficult time in the history of the family. Following the assassination of don Dominic Bonetti and consigliere Carmine Neri in 1984, underboss Bruno Zerilli took over as boss. He appointed his long time friend and former Genovese family capo from the Bronx, 68 year old half Serbian, half Italian Caesar "The Serb" Podina as consigliere. Little Italy Crew capo Aldo Mancini, who had allegedly come up with the plan to kill Bonetti and Neri, took over as underboss. Though Bonetti and Neri were dead, Zerilli continued with the policy of no drugs and anyone caught with them would be punished accordingly. This still didn't stop members of the family from selling and dealing drugs because of the high demand and low supply in Minnesota. Drugs were easily four to five times as much in price in Minneapolis and St. Paul as in Chicago, New York, Detroit and other cities. The FBI and DEA used this to build RICO cases against members of the family. Several members of the family were caught by the feds and in exchange for a lighter sentence an a place in the Witness Protection Program, they agreed to wear wires. In 1986, after obtaining information about the assassination of Bonetti and Neri and many other charges via recorded conversations, underboss Aldo Mancini along with four other members of the family who were involved with the murder were indicted on murder and RICO charges. Mancini received 30 years in federal prison but was released in 2008 at the age of 72 and is still active in the family. Capo Fredrico Molineri took over as acting underboss while he was in prison. Zerilli desperately searched for the informants and by 1987 via a contact in the FBI was able to find one, soldier Rocco Giordano and after finding out who the others were, immediately murdered Giordano and the others. Despite them being killed, the FBI had collected enough evidence to indict Zerilli, Podina and nine other members of the family on RICO related charges. Zerilli and Podina received light sentences of three years because the the FBI was unable to connect them to the murders or most of the RICO charges and they were released in 1989 and 1990 respectively. The family's troubles still continued with members routinely being arrested and often sent to prison into the early 90's. 1993 was the year the family was the weakest it has ever been. Acting underboss Fredrico Monlineri was given a 20 year sentence in federal prison and consigliere Caesar "The Serb" Podina died of a heart attack. Capo Michael "Mikey" Lupisella took over as consigliere. The family's hierarchy and leadership were severely weakened and members were routinely being sent to prison. Still, the family pressed on despite severe hardship. In 1994 Salvatore Maltieri took over as acting underboss and wanted to move the family in a new direction.
Maltieri wanted to move the family in a new direction out of it's weakened state and took steps to get the FBI off of the family's case. He stopped all hijacking operations and any other rackets that were too risky and also made sure all conversations involving family business were made in code. He also began to increase the profitability of legitimate businesses and taking greater steps to cover up and launder the money from the family's criminal activities. He took steps to make the union and construction rackets as discreet as possible placing lowly associates on the FBI's radar by making it seem like they were in charge of the rackets while in reality the high ranking members of the family were still controlling them from behiend the scenes. He also made sure all collections from businesses and rackets were made as discreetly and quietly as possible and made sure that guns were always hidden so that they could never be found in a bust. He also only discussed serious family business with the longest serving and most trusted members of the family to make sure that no possible FBI informants heard anything about it. These methods proved to be successful and in the following years the FBI had less and less evidence against the family and gradually the arrests and convictions severely decreased. By 1998 Maltieri had become more influental in the family than Zerilli but as long as Maltieri kept the money coming and kept him out of prison, Zerilli didn't care. In 1998 Maltieri became the offical underboss of the family. Maltieri stayed out of prison aside from a one year sentnece for insurance fraud in 1998 and was released in 1999. By 2000 Zerilli was getting too old to lead the family and his health was failing. Maltieri was set to take over as boss after Zerilli died and his crew would take over the leadership of the family.
After the terrorist attacks on September 11th, 2001 the government decided that they would focus their efforts on preventing terrorism rather than organized crime. The 21st century was a relief for all Mafia families in the United States and after years of of being under the constant threat of the FBI and RICO indictments, the American Mafia was ready to be back on top. In 2003 Zerilli died at the age of 84 and Maliteri took over as boss of the family. He continued with the successful methods he had used to get the family out of trouble in the 90's and carried them over into the 2000's. He removed all of the high ranking Zerilli era members and replaced them with members of his crew. Micheal Lupisella was given control of illegal gambling operations in Bloomington, Minnesota in exchange for stepping down as consigliere and similar offers were given to some of the Zerilli era capos. After Maltieri took over as boss he appointed long time friend and members of his crew Leonardo "Leo" Esposito as his consigliere and Carmine "C" Piccolo as underboss. He took steps to gain more power and influence for the family by expanding the family's territory and setting up more rackets and operations. He has also opened more legitimate businesses that sometimes serve as fronts. In order to prevent wars and conflicts with other organizations the Mannino family has made efforts to ally with organizations like the Twin Cities Yakuza and increasing their relations with the local Polish and German Mob the Nowakowski Crime Family. Relations with the Irish and Russian Mobs and the local Chinese Triads still remain tense and uneasy but neutral for the most part. By 2008 the family had gained control of almost all illegal gambling, bookmaking, numbers and sports betting rackets in Minneapolis and also gained contol of a majority of the protection, extortion, loansharking and prostitution rackets in the city. The Mannino family remains the most powerful criminal organization in Minnesota and several surrounding states and one of the most powerful in the Midwest. Maltieri has managed to stay out of any serious legal trouble and fronts as a restaurant owner having several restaurants throughout the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. The highest ranking members of the family such as the consigliere and underboss and most of the capos also front as legitimate businessman in construction, unions, real estate and other businesses. The family have created new ways to make money in the 21st century with things such as internet gambling, stolen electronics, forged legal documents and other smaller scams. As of 2012 Maltieri remains one of the most influential mob bosses in the country and the Mannino family remains one of the most powerful and influential families outside of New York and Chicago.
- 1923-1962 - Lorenzo Mannino
- Acting 1958-1962 - Henry Pannagila
- 1962-1975 - Henry Pannagila
- 1975-1984 - Dominic "Donnie B" Bonetti
- 1984-2003 - Bruno Zerilli
- 2003-present - Salvatore "Silent Sal" Maltieri
- 1923-1962 - Henry Pannagila
- 1959-1975 - Alberto Castrogiovanni
- 1975-1984 - Carmine Neri
- 1984-1993 - Caesar "The Serb" Podina
- 1993-2003 - Michael "Mikey" Lupisella
- 2003-present - Leonardo "Leo" Esposito
- 1923-1959 - Alberto Castrogiovanni
- 1959-1975 - Peter "Skinny Pete" Ginola
- 1975-1984 - Bruno Zerilli
- 1984-1998 - Aldo Mancini
- Acting 1994-1998 - Salvatore Maltieri
- 1998-2003 - Salvatore Maltieri
- 2003-present - Carmine "C" Piccolo
- Don: Salvatore "Silent Sal" Maltieri
- Consigliere: Leonardo "Leo" Esposito
- Underboss: Carmine "C" Piccolo
- Capos: Lorenzo "Enzo" Maisano, James "Jimmy" Russo, Joseph D'Amico, Angelo "The Iron Man" Bruno, Carmine Mazzino
Crews and FactionsEdit
- Little Italy Crew- Largest and oldest crew. Ran by Enzo Maisano since 2009 and serves as the family's base of power running the rackets in Little Italy and the surrounding neighborhoods. Longest serving and most trusted members make up this crew.
- Elliot Park Crew- Second largest crew and has been ran by Jimmy Russo since 2004. Based in the Elliot Park neighborhood of Minneapolis and operates the rackets in Downtown and the financial district. They operate most of the family's labor union rackets.
- Summit Hill Crew- Third largest crew. Ran by Joseph D'Amico since 2001. Based in the Summit Hill neighborhood of the neighboring city of St. Paul and controls most of the family's rackets in the city.
- Washington Avenue Crew- Fourth largest crew. Ran by Angelo Bruno since 1998 and control the family's rackets in Minneapolis east of the Mississippi River.
- 26th Street Crew- Smallest crew. Ran by Carmine Mazzino since 2005. Based in the Whittier neighborhood of Minneapolis and operates the family's rackets in Whittier and surrounding neighborhoods.
- Rochester Faction- Small crew of a few made men and around a dozen associates who operate illegal gambling, bookmaking, prostitution, hijacking, fencing and other operations in Rochester, Minnesota.
- Duluth Faction- Small crew of a few made men and several associates who operate illegal gambling, bookmaking, loansharking, smuggling and other operations in Duluth, Minnesota.
- St. Cloud Faction- Small crew of a few made men and associates who operate illegal gambling, bookmaking, loansharking, hijacking, numbers and other operations in St. Cloud, Minnesota.
- Fargo Faction- Small crew of mostly associates who operate illegal gambling, bookmaking, loansharking, hijacking, fencing, numbers and other operations in Fargo, North Dakota. Members of this faction operate in Grand Forks, North Dakota as well.
- Sioux Falls Faction- Small crew of mostly associates who operate illegal gambling, bookmaking, hijacking, loansharking and other operations in Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
- Winnipeg Faction- Small crew of a few made men and around a dozen associates who operate illegal gambling, bookmaking, loansharking, prostitution, hijacking, fencing, numbers and other operations in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
- Thunder Bay Faction- Small crew of mostly associates who operate illegal gambling, bookmaking, loansharking, numbers, hijacking and other operations in Thunder Bay, Ontario.
The Mannino family controls most of the rackets in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area and deals in many different things. Their main rackets are protection, extortion, loansharking, prostitution, illegal gambling, smuggling, arms trafficking and union corruption. Nearly anyone wanting to operate in the city has to pay them tribute to do so. The family owns many legitimate business such as restaurants, bars, strip clubs and cab depots where they launder the profits from their criminal operations. There is a strict no drug policy in the family and anyone caught with drugs is dealt with severely. The family deals with a variety of people and organizations from all around the United States and the world and maintains influence not only in Minnesota but in many other places. The Mannino family always prefers doing business and compromising rather than having conflict and rarely gets involved in wars with other organizations. Although the family doesn't maintain it's level of influence in union and political corruption as it did at it's height of power, the family does still control a few construction and longshoremens unions in Minneapolis. They are also known to have a few crooked politicians and judges on their payroll as well as several moles in the police and at least two informants in the FBI that keep the family in check with the FBI and rival criminal organization's operations against the family.
- Chicago Outfit
- Detroit Partnership
- Five Families
- Bruno Crime Family
- Magaddino Crime Family
- Cobranie Crime Family
- DeCavalcante Crime Family
- Patriarca Crime Family
- Rizzuto Crime Family
- Other Mafia Families
- Twin Cities Yakuza
- Nowakowski Crime Family
- DeClercq Crime Family
- Westmore Syndicate
- Zolnerowich Bratva
- Doyle Crime Family
- Southern Riders
- Delante Crime Family
- Frogtown Mob
- Shadow Dragon Triads
- Markovic Syndicate
- Street Gangs
The Mannino family is made up of five crews that control different parts of the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. The soldiers in each crew operate various rackets that usually employ associates. Each week money obtained from all of the rackets is passed up through the ranks and distributed through the family. On average, with all criminal activities and legitimate businesses the family makes about 2.8 billion dollars per year making it one of the wealthier families in North America. After kicking up their profits through the hierarchy, for themselves, soldiers typically make anywhere from 20 to 30 thousand per week, capos around 70 to 100 thousand and the don, consigliere and underboss make hundreds of thousands per week. Depending on business, these earnings can vary. The family goes through extensive efforts to launder it's huge profits. Along with traditional legitimate business the family launders it's profits in many ways such as creating no-show construction and electrician jobs, false tax reports, keeping it on overseas accounts, false investments and many other methods in order to throw the FBI and IRS off their trail.